BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - What is the naturalisation test?

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The naturalisation test

By passing the naturalisation test you can prove that you have the knowledge of the legal and social system and living conditions in Germany that you need to be naturalised in Germany. You can apply to sit the test at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees’ test offices.

What does the test consist of?

In the examination you will be given a test paper containing 33 questions. You have sixty minutes to answer all the questions. You must select the correct answer to each question from four possible answers. If you answer a minimum of 17 questions correctly, you will pass the test. You will then receive a certificate with your test results from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. You can use this certificate to provide proof of your civic knowledge to the naturalisation authorities. If you answer fewer than 17 questions correctly, you can repeat the test.

33 questions from different areas

30 questions relate to the subject areas of “Living in a democracy”, “History and responsibility” and “People and society”. Three questions will be asked about the Federal Land in which you are registered as having your main place of residence. An overview of all the important topics for the test is provided by the General catalogue of naturalisation test questions and the binding Curriculum framework for the naturalisation course.

Who must take the naturalisation test?

If you are applying for German nationality, you must prove that you have knowledge of the legal and social system and living conditions in Germany.


  • You have acquired a German school-leaving qualification.
  • You cannot fulfil the requirements because of a physical, psychological or mental illness or disability or on account of your age.

Where can I take the naturalisation test?

Local naturalisation authority offices can help you with any questions about the naturalisation test. They will also tell you where to find the nearest test office at which you can register to take the test. You can also find a list of the test offices in your Federal Land here. The cost of taking the naturalisation test is EUR 25. Please remember to bring a valid identification document with you on the day of the test.

How can I prepare myself for the naturalisation test?

The best way to prepare for the naturalisation test is by using the interactive list of questions in the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees’ on-line test centre. After you have attempted each question, the correct answer will be displayed. The test consists of a total of 310 questions, of which 300 are general questions and 10 questions relate to the Federal Land in which you live.

Alternatively, you can fill in a sample test paper as a way of practising the test in the online test centre. Once you have answered all the questions you will be able to see which questions you answered correctly. You can then look at the correct answers with brief background information.

Of course, you can also download the General Catalogue of naturalisation test questions and the lists of questions that relate specifically to individual Federal Länder as pdf documents from the Federal Ministry of the Interior’s web pages on the naturalisation test. The sample test paper is also available here as a download.

Preparatory courses for the test

In some cases the Federal Länder also offer courses to help you prepare for the naturalisation test. You can obtain information about these courses from your local naturalisation authority.

Proving German-language skills

If you have to prove that you have adequate German-language skills for naturalisation, you can attend an integration course and gain the "DTZ - German test for immigrants" certificate. Part of the integration course is a 60-lesson orientation course that also tackles many topics covered by the naturalisation test.

If you have any questions about this, the Citizens’ Advice Service at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees will be happy to help you. Information material about the topics relevant to the naturalisation test can also be obtained from the Federal Agency for Civic Education or the local agencies for civic education.

display as attention: Important information:

Please beware of hidden costs when considering private courses advertised on the Internet to help prepare for the naturalisation or orientation course test. The information about costs is often hidden in small print at the side or end of the page. Above all, if you are asked to give your personal details, please carefully read the course provider’s General Terms and Conditions (Allgemeine Geschäftsbedingunen (AGB)) first. If, after using such courses, you receive demands for payment that are not justified in your opinion, consult a consumer advice centre for further help.

The use of the on-line test centre operated by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees is naturally free of charge. All the test questions correspond to the task catalogues approved by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees does not accept any responsibility for the content of external websites.

Date 18 January 2011

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