BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - Issuing residence permits

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Issuing residence permits

Persons who are entitled to asylum receive a residence permit from their immigration authority for three years. The same applies if refugee status has been granted. A settlement permit can be issued after three years at the earliest under certain circumstances, such as the ability to make a secure living and adequate knowledge of German, if the Federal Office does not initiate the revocation procedure (see The revocation and withdrawal procedure).

Persons who are entitled to subsidiary protection receive a residence permit which is valid for one year and can be extended for two more years in each case. A settlement permit can be issued after five years at the earliest (the duration of the asylum procedure is included) if other preconditions are met, such as the ability to make a secure living and adequate knowledge of German. No across-the-board prior examination is provided for by the Federal Office as to whether subsidiary protection is to be revoked or withdrawn, but this is possible if there are appropriate indications.

If a national ban on deportation has been handed down, a person may not be returned to the country to which this ban on deportation applies. Those concerned receive a residence permit if the conditions for this are satisfied (see National ban on deportation). The residence permit is issued for at least one year, and can be repeatedly extended. The same rules apply to issuing a settlement permit as to people who are entitled to subsidiary protection.

Hervorhebung_Gesetzgebung: The legal basis

Date 1 October 2016

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Wichtige Mitteilung


There have been several occasions very recently in which people have pretended to be employees of the Federal Office and asked for an interview at which they questioned asylum applicants intensively. This took place in some cases on the pretext that a second hearing was allegedly needed. Important: The Federal Office does not conduct home visits! These individuals do not work for the Federal Office. The Federal Office has therefore filed criminal charges. If something similar happens to you, or if you observe anything of this nature as a carer, please report this to your local police station.Interviewers from reputable survey institutes who are currently conducting interviews as part of research projects in which data are collected on a voluntary basis clearly state who they are working for. They also give the name of the survey institute and prove this by showing the appropriate documentation. This means that you can make enquiries should you have any doubts.

Fraud Phone Calls