BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - The responsible reception facility

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The responsible reception facility

The competent reception facility is responsible for providing food and board for asylum-seekers. At the same time, it informs the closest branch office of the Federal Office or the nearest arrival centre.

Asylum-seekers and asylum applicants receive benefits in kind at subsistence level during their stay and a monthly amount of money to cover their everyday personal needs. The nature and amount of the benefits are regulated by the Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act (Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz). These include basic benefits for food, housing, heating, clothing, healthcare and personal hygiene, as well as household durables and consumables, benefits to cover personal daily requirements, benefits in case of sickness, pregnancy and birth, as well as individual benefits which depend on the individual case.

Benefits for asylum applicants are also provided in the follow-up accommodation (such as collective accommodation or even a private apartment). More information is available from the responsible municipal administration.

Hervorhebung_Gesetzgebung: The legal basis

The requirement of asylum-seekers at subsistence level is laid down in law in the Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act.

Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act (Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz – AsylbLG) [available in German only]

Hervorhebung_Gesetzgebung: Background information

Benefits in accordance with the Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act

The Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act safeguards the basic needs and regulates the supply of goods. It applies to beneficiaries in accordance with the Asylum-Seekers’ Benefits Act, including to asylum applicants and those obliged to leave the country (such as applicants whose applications have been turned down or holders of temporary suspension of deportation status [Duldung]).

There is provision for the following benefits:

  • basic benefits for food, housing, heating, clothing, healthcare and personal hygiene, as well as and household durables and consumables;
  • benefits to cover personal daily requirements (cash and "pocket money");
  • benefits in case of sickness, pregnancy and birth;
  • as well as further benefits which depend on the individual case under special circumstances.

If accommodation is provided in reception facilities, the basic benefits are provided as benefits-in-kind.
It is possible to deviate from this where necessary if asylum-seekers are no longer accommodated in reception facilities but in follow-up facilities (for instance collective accommodation or local accommodation, such as apartments or accommodation groups). The details of the procedure are regulated by the Federal Länder.

Date 1 October 2016

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Wichtige Mitteilung


There have been several occasions very recently in which people have pretended to be employees of the Federal Office and asked for an interview at which they questioned asylum applicants intensively. This took place in some cases on the pretext that a second hearing was allegedly needed. Important: The Federal Office does not conduct home visits! These individuals do not work for the Federal Office. The Federal Office has therefore filed criminal charges. If something similar happens to you, or if you observe anything of this nature as a carer, please report this to your local police station.Interviewers from reputable survey institutes who are currently conducting interviews as part of research projects in which data are collected on a voluntary basis clearly state who they are working for. They also give the name of the survey institute and prove this by showing the appropriate documentation. This means that you can make enquiries should you have any doubts.

Fraud Phone Calls