Examining the Dublin procedure
The Dublin procedure is a procedure for determining the Member State responsible prior to the actual examination of the asylum application. It is used to establish which European country is responsible for examining an asylum application. The purpose of the "Dublin Regulation" is for the content of each asylum application which is lodged in the Dublin area to only be examined on the merits by one state. This area includes the Member States of the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. If protection has already been granted under the law on asylum in one Dublin state, no further examination of the asylum application is possible in Germany.
If a Member State establishes that asylum proceedings are to be processed or completed in another Member State, it files a "transfer request" with the State in question. If the latter consents to the transfer, the Federal Office issues a notice ordering it. It also informs the person concerned and asks them whether there may be any reasons against the transfer.
The person concerned can file a court action against this decision, and can put forward an emergency motion. It is not permissible for them to be transferred to the Member State until the ruling has been handed down in the emergency court proceedings.
If the transfer is not carried out within six months, responsibility for the proceedings is transferred to the Member State which has requested the transfer. If the individual is in detention, the transfer period may be extended to a maximum of one year. It can be extended to 18 months at most if the person concerned is not traceable.