BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - The stages of the asylum procedure

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Arrival and registration

Arrival and registration

When asylum-seekers arrive in Germany, they report to a state organisation and are registered, after which they receive a temporary identification document. Only then can the asylum procedure begin.

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Initial Distribution of Asylum Seekers

Initial Distribution of Asylum-Seekers (EASY)

Registration is followed by the Initial Distribution of Asylum-Seekers (EASY) among the Federal Länder according to the "Königstein Key".

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The responsible reception facility

The responsible reception facility

The reception facility is responsible for providing food and board and informs the closest branch office of the Federal Office or the nearest arrival centre.

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Personal asylum applications

Personal asylum applications

Where a personal application is made, further documents are recorded, and asylum-seekers are informed of their rights and duties within the asylum procedure.

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Examining the Dublin procedure

Examining the Dublin procedure

The Dublin procedure is held prior to the actual examination of the asylum application, and establishes which European country is responsible for examining an asylum application.

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The personal interview

The personal interview

The interview forms the basis for the decision in the asylum proceedings. The decision rests on the fate of the individual applicant as a matter of principle. Applicants are afforded sufficient time in order to explain their personal reasons for taking flight.

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The decision of the Federal Office

The decision of the Federal Office

The Federal Office decides on the asylum application on the basis of the personal interview and of a detailed examination of documents and items of evidence.

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Forms of protection

Forms of protection

The Federal Office examines each asylum application on the basis of the German Asylum Act as to whether one of the four forms of protection – entitlement to asylum, refugee protection, subsidiary protection, or a ban on deportation – applies.

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Appeals against the decision

Appeals against the decision

Applicants have appeals at their disposal against a negative notice: They can take court action against the decision of the Federal Office.

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The outcome of the asylum proceedings

The outcome of the asylum proceedings

The final decision of the Federal Office – the conclusion of the asylum proceedings – is followed either by a right of residence or by a right to remain, or by an obligation to depart.

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