BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - Family asylum and family reunification

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Family asylum and family reunification

Family asylum

Family members of persons entitled to protection also receive asylum.

The following are regarded as family members for the purposes of family asylum:

  • spouses and registered partners,
  • minor, unmarried children,
  • the parents of minor, unmarried persons for the purpose of care and custody,
  • other adults who have personal custody of minor, unmarried persons,
  • the minor, unmarried siblings of minors.

A precondition applying to spouses is for a valid marriage to have already existed in the country of origin, for the asylum application to have been filed prior to or at the same time as that of the person entitled to protection, and at the latest promptly after entry into the country, and for the entitlement to protection not to have been revoked.

This arrangement applies to persons entitled to protection to whom refugee protection or entitlement to asylum has been granted or who have received subsidiary protection. Persons are ruled out with regard to whom a national ban on deportation was found to exist during the asylum procedure.

Born in Germany

When a child is born in Germany after the parents have filed an asylum application, under certain conditions, the legislature provides the possibility of a separate asylum procedure in order to protect the child. For the latter, the parents, at least one of which must still be undergoing the asylum procedure, or the immigration authority, inform the Federal Office of the birth. The asylum application is thus automatically regarded as having been filed in the interest of the newborn child. The parents can put forward their own reasons for asylum for their child. If they do not do so, the parents' reasons apply. Here too, appeals are available should the Federal Office reject the application.

Should the application be turned down, minor children will not be and may not be returned separately from their parents, also in the interest of child protection.

display as attention: Family reunification

Under the current provisions, family reunification involving spouses coming to Germany to join a spouse who is entitled to subsidiary protection and whose residence permit was issued after 17.03.2016 is not possible under the Residence Act until 31 July 2018. We will inform you about the further course of development as soon as possible.

The possibilities of family reunification in accordance with the Dublin III regulation remain unaffected.

The admission of family members on humanitarian grounds also remains possible in special cases of hardship.

Hervorhebung_Gesetzgebung: The legal basis

Family asylum is regulated in section 26 of the Asylum Act (AsylG).

The legal basis for the children of asylum applicants born in Germany can be found in sections 14 a and 43 subs. 3 sentence 1 of the Asylum Act.

Asylum Act

Date 31 January 2018

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Wichtige Mitteilung


There have been several occasions very recently in which people have pretended to be employees of the Federal Office and asked for an interview at which they questioned asylum applicants intensively. This took place in some cases on the pretext that a second hearing was allegedly needed. Important: The Federal Office does not conduct home visits! These individuals do not work for the Federal Office. The Federal Office has therefore filed criminal charges. If something similar happens to you, or if you observe anything of this nature as a carer, please report this to your local police station.

Fraud Phone Calls