BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - Voluntary return (REAG/GARP)

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Voluntary return with REAG/GARP

With the REAG/GARP humanitarian promotional programme, the Federation and the Länder are supporting people who return to their country of origin voluntarily or who migrate on to a state which is willing to receive them. The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) organises and manages their departure via both promotional programmes.

Voluntary departure

The diagram below shows the number of voluntary departures which have been promoted with the REAG/GARP Programme since 1990.

Voluntary departure with REAG/GARP promotion since 1990Click on the image to enlarge the diagram. Source: Figure: BAMF| Figures: IOM (*figures for 2016 reflect approved applications) Version: January 2017

29,522 individuals were permitted to leave in 2017 via REAG/GARP. 54,006 people departed via the Federation-Länder assisted returns programme in the whole of the previous year 2016.

The large numbers of departures from 1997 to 2000 are a result of the ending of the Balkans conflicts (collapse of the State of Yugoslavia).

The most common return countries

The diagram below shows the return countries (also known as destination countries) and how many people had returned there by the end of 2017.

The diagram shows the return countries (home countries) and how many people returned to them in 2017.Click on the image to enlarge the diagram. Source: Diagram: BAMF| Figures: IOM

Latest developments

The number of approved departures to the vWEB countries and to Kosovo remains high.

Destination country201520162017
Bosnia & Herzegovina1,7051,448778

During the last years the main return countries - beside the vWEB countries - have been Iraq, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Afghanistan, Georgia, Iran. In 2017 their share of voluntary assisted return was nearly 31 percent.

Destination country




Russian Federation8781,1371,636

The numbers of departures only account for individuals who received support via the REAG/GARP Programme. Many of them were (needy) people who were no longer entitled to live in Germany (such as asylum-seekers whose applications had been turned down and individuals whose deportation had been suspended), or persons entitled to remain who returned voluntarily (e.g. successful asylum applicants and individuals with a residence permit issued under international law or for humanitarian reasons).
You can obtain more information on the REAG/GARP promotional programme or figures on other migration movements collected by the Federal Statistical Office by clicking on the links in the right-hand column.

Date 4 May 2018

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Wichtige Mitteilung


There have been several occasions very recently in which people have pretended to be employees of the Federal Office and asked for an interview at which they questioned asylum applicants intensively. This took place in some cases on the pretext that a second hearing was allegedly needed. Important: The Federal Office does not conduct home visits! These individuals do not work for the Federal Office. The Federal Office has therefore filed criminal charges. If something similar happens to you, or if you observe anything of this nature as a carer, please report this to your local police station.Interviewers from reputable survey institutes who are currently conducting interviews as part of research projects in which data are collected on a voluntary basis clearly state who they are working for. They also give the name of the survey institute and prove this by showing the appropriate documentation. This means that you can make enquiries should you have any doubts.

Fraud Phone Calls