The admission of foreign employees is geared to the requirements of the German economy, and the situation on the German labour market is also taken into account. A residence title for employment may only be issued if a specific job offer is available (section 18 subs. 1 of the Residence Act [AufenthG]).
Highly-qualified persons can receive a settlement permit from the outset. These are in particular scientists with special technical knowledge, as well as teaching personnel and scientific personnel in prominent positions.
Higher education graduates from a third country who earn a specific minimum annual salary can be issued with a time-limited residence title in the shape of the EU Blue Card if they meet certain preconditions.
A researcher can receive a residence permit for the purpose of research if a research facility that is recognised by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees has concluded a hosting agreement with him/her to implement a research project.
Self-employed persons can receive a residence permit for the purpose of self-employment if there is particular economic interest or need and if the activity is expected to have positive effects on the economy and the funding is secured.