The Dublin Procedure
The Dublin Procedure establishes which European State is responsible for examining an asylum application. This ensures that each asylum application is only examined by one Member State.
How the procedure works
The applicant is first of all interviewed in person in order to determine which Member State is competent. If a Member State establishes that an asylum application is to be processed in a different Member State, it submits a transfer request to the Member State concerned. If the latter agrees, the applicant is informed accordingly in the shape of a notice.
The lodging of an appeal against this has suspensive effect. The transfer period is blocked.
When the notice has become final, the Member States subsequently agree on the conditions of the transfer. If the transfer is not implemented within six months, competence for the procedure is passed to the Member State that has requested the transfer. If the applicant goes into hiding or is in prison, this period can be extended.
The Dublin III Regulation supercedes Dublin II
The "Regulation establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person" [Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 - Dublin Regulation (recast)] of 26 June 2013 came into force on 19 July 2013, superceding the Dublin Regulation [Regulation (EC) 343/2003], also known as Dublin II.
Member States in which this regulation is directly-applicable law are all the Member States of the EU, plus Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
This regulation is implemented within the Federal Office by the following divisions:
- 411 [Policy issues Dublin, apprehension procedure, EURODAC], and
- M26 [Dublin procedure (transfer requests from Member States, transfers)]
as well as by the regional offices of the Federal Office.
Further information on the Dublin procedure and current figures on requests for cases to be accepted or for transfers under the Dublin procedure are provided by the brochure entitled "Das Bundesamt in Zahlen" (The Federal Office in Figures), which you can download.