Asylum applicants give an account of their persecution during a hearing. The hearing forms the basis for the decision as to whether asylum can be granted. A crucial factor is always the individual's personal story.
The Federal Office is consulted with regard to large number of decisions to be taken by the local immigration offices. Opinions are sought on the question of whether a foreign national may be deported to his/her homeland – i.e. whether there is a deportation ban affecting the country in question.
The Federal Office works on asylum procedures with the local immigration offices, the Federal Office of Administration, the Federal Police Force, federal and regional security authorities and the UNHCR.
Following the bitter experience during National Socialism, the fundamental right to asylum has been enshrined in the Basic Law (Grundgesetz) of the Federal Republic since 1949. Amendments to the German law on asylum however became necessary when the number of asylum applicants drastically increased at the end of the 1980s.