BAMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge - Publications - Migration Report 2009

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Migration Report 2009

Date 19 January 2011
type Migration report

On 19 January 2011, the Federal Cabinet adopted the Migration Report 2009, compiled by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). On the basis of available data, the report provides an overview of migration in Germany. It depicts the various types of migration in detail and also provides information on the structure of the foreign population as well as of the population with a migration background.

Main findings

  • There was a slight year-on-year increase in immigration in 2009.
  • As in the previous year, the immigrants' main country of origin was Poland.
  • Immigration from Romania and Bulgaria has risen sharply since these countries acceded to the EU in 2007.
  • Emigration to Turkey was once more higher than immigration from Turkey to Germany.
  • The number of foreign students continues to increase.
  • Immigration of ethnic German resettlers with their family members continued to decrease.
  • The number of people seeking asylum was 25 per cent higher than the year before.
  • Immigration of highly-skilled workers declined in 2009.
  • The main destination of German emigrants has been Switzerland since 2004.

The Migration Report 2009 contains more differentiated information than last year’s report, especially in the area of labour migration. Greater significance attaches, for instance, to the portrayal of the immigration of skilled and qualified labour. The emigration of foreigners and Germans is examined in greater detail. Additionally, the migration situation in other European countries is touched on.

The structure of the Migration Report 2009 is aligned to last year's report. The Migration Report of the German Government is drafted on a yearly basis on behalf of the German Federal Parliament.

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