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2014 Migration Report

Internal EU migration and asylum applications increase

Date 6 January 2016

Today, Federal Minister of the Interior DR. Thomas de Maizière presented the 2014 Migration Report, which was drawn up by the BAMF. The report provides a comprehensive overview of migration events and compares the results with other EU Member States. Amongst other things, it also shows that immigration is becoming more significant for Germany, in particular when it comes to demographic change and attracting specialist workers.

The number of immigrants continued to increase in 2014 in comparison to the previous years. The increase in the number of those leaving was somewhat lower. All in all, there was a positive migration balance of 550,000, this being the largest since 1992. Immigration to Germany became considerably more dynamic once more in 2015, in particular from the middle of the year onwards. This is due above all to the considerable increase in asylum-related immigration.

Internal EU migration

Poland has been the main country of origin for immigrants since 1996, and this was also shown once more in 2014. Immigration from Romania and Bulgaria has increased, these countries having acceded to the EU as per 1 January 2007, as well as from the latest Member State to have acceded, namely Croatia. The share of internal EU migration among overall immigration events to Germany is falling slightly despite an increase in the absolute figures (55 %). This is because of the disproportionate increase in the number of asylum-seekers arriving.

Number of asylum applications up by 60 percent

A significant increase was observed when it came to the number of asylum applications. Roughly 203,000 asylum applications (first and follow-up applications) were registered in 2014. This corresponds to an increase of 60 percent vcompared to 2013, and resettled in Germany as the EU Member State with the largest number of applications were made. This development was intensified further in 2015. More asylum applications had already been filed at the end of July 2015 than in the entire previous year.

Immigration of qulified employees

The immigration of qualified employees from third countries rose by 13 percent year-on-year. The main countries of origin were India, the United States, Bosnia-Herzegovina and China. Additionally, more foreign nationals came to Germany in 2014 to take up studies at a German University than ever before.

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