EMN - European Migration Network
Studies within the framework of the European Migration Network (EMN)
The Network aims to provide objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and asylum at European and national level to support both policy-making and decision-making in the European Union (EU), as well as to provide the general public with such information. In view of this goal, the National Contact Point drafts amongst other things the national studies jointly agreed on in the EMN, as well as Annual Policy Reports for Germany. The research is carried out in the research group of the Federal Office. All activities carried out by the Contact Point are co-funded by the European Commission.
2014: EMN studies on effectiveness of re-entry bans and readmission agreements, detention and alternatives to detention, unaccompanied minors and admitting third-country nationals for business purposes
In 2014, the EMN will produce four focus studies. In the first focussed study, the legal bases and the procedures for (re-)entry bans for third-country nationals are described, and the scope and structure of the group of persons with (re-)entry bans who are intercepted at federal German borders are presented. In addition, the existing readmission agreements are specified, and their scope and use is demonstrated.
The second focus study presents the regulatory and institutional framework of detention and alternatives to detention. Furthermore, both organizational and procedural structures on national level and the level of the Federal Länder are described. Furthermore, conditions of persons in detention pending deportation in specialized immigration detention facilities and prisons are illustrated.
The third focus study explores the situation of unaccompanied minors in terms of social rights and residence permit as well as the management of accommodation, integration measures, as well as forced and voluntary return. Moreover, the transition to adulthood and the inherent consequences concerning resident permit are analyzed.
The forth focus study deals with the admission of third-country national investors and business owners, whereat the institutional framework for foreign (non-EU) investors and business owners is central to the analysis.
2013: EMN studies on recruitment of skilled labour, organisation of reception facilities, identification of victims of human trafficking and migrant access to social security and healthcare
In 2013, the EMN produced three focussed studies as well as a more comprehensive study concerning social security of third-country nationals in Germany. The first focussed study concisely presents the national strategy and the activities undertaken to attract highly-qualified and qualified third-country nationals. In addition, it provides a statistical overview of immigration of highly-qualified and qualified third-country nationals and identifies challenges and obstacles. The second focussed study illustrates the organisation of reception facilities, as well as the supply of material resources to asylum-seekers. One focus rested on the flexibility of the reception system and its ability to guarantee sufficient accommodation and material resources in the face of increasing numbers of asylum-seekers. The third focussed study investigates the degree to which victims of human trafficking can be identified within the asylum procedure and the procedure of forced return. It also considers the cooperation between the authorities involved, as well as training and evaluation concepts.
2012: EMN studies on immigration of students from third countries, family reunification, measures to establish the identity and European internal migration
In 2012, the German EMN Contact Point carried out a main study on the immigration of students from third countries. The study focusses on the political measures undertaken by Germany to enable third-country nationals to begin their studies in Germany, as well as on how to access the labour market during studies and after graduation.
In addition to this main study, so-called focussed studies were carried out for the first time in 2012. This new format is intended to meet policy-makers’ requirements in terms of topical and compact information. The first of the three focus studies deals with the legal and political measures to prevent misuse of family reunification, whilst the others discuss the challenges faced in establishing the identity of migrants in the procedure of international protection as well as return measures, and the internal EU mobility of third-country nationals.
Furthermore, there was an update of the EMN study “The Organisation of Asylum and Migration Policies in Germany” from 2009. The study provides an overview of the organisation of asylum and migration policy in Germany. In addition to describing and analysing the institutional structures, the most important legal foundations and procedures are discussed.
German EMN studies in previous years
In 2011, the EMN produced two thematic studies. The first study, entitled Visa Policy as Migration Channel, investigates the link between migration and visa policy and explores the question of the degree to which visa policy makes a contribution towards managing and controlling migration. The second study tackles measures to prevent and reduce irregular migration in the EU. The study provides an overview of the approaches, mechanisms and measures that are available to deal with irregular migration in the Member States.
The two studies of 2010 discuss questions related to labour migration: Firstly, national practices and strategies to meet the demand for labour through immigration are investigated, whilst gaining knowledge of circular and temporary migration.
Earlier studies deal amongst other things with topics of asylum and immigration law, such as non-EU-harmonised forms of refugee protection (2009), assisted voluntary returns (2009) and unaccompanied minors (2008). Moreover, an overview study was drawn up on the organisation of asylum and immigration policy in Germany (2008).
Both more extensive research studies and “small studies” were drawn up back in the pilot phase of the EMN between 2004 and 2007, and these cover various areas within the fields of migration, asylum and integration. A small study on family reunification to Germany was carried out in 2007. The small studies are dominated by questions related to labour migration, such as labour market participation of foreigners in the healthcare sector in Germany or migration by highly-qualified workers and senior employees from third countries to Germany (both in 2006).
The research studies focus on migration and tackle voluntary and coercive returns from Germany (2006) and illegal third-country nationals in Germany (2005). This was supplemented by the analysis of the influence of immigration on German society, which has so far remained an overview (2004).