EMN - European Migration Network
Studies within the framework of the European Migration Network (EMN)
The Network aims to provide objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and asylum at European and national level to support both policy-making and decision-making in the European Union (EU), as well as to provide the general public with such information. In view of this goal, the National Contact Point drafts amongst other things the national studies jointly agreed on in the EMN, as well as Annual Policy Reports for Germany. The research is carried out in the research group of the Federal Office. All activities carried out by the Contact Point are co-funded by the European Commission.
EMN Studies in 2017 focus on:
• Establishing applicants’ identity in the migration process
• Member State responses to the changing influx of asylum seekers in 2015-2016
• The impact of EU rules on the effectiveness of return in the Member States
• Unaccompanied Minors after the asylum process
EMN will carry out four studies in 2017. The first study will analyse the verification of the applicants’ identity in the migration process, whether for an asylum application, during the process of granting a residence permit for other reasons (e.g. visas, work permits or family reunification) or in the context of irregular migration. It will identify challenges and practices of the Member States and possibilities for joint actions in identity establishment and document verification.
The second study will examine how Member States responded to the changing influx of asylum seekers during the years 2015-2016. It will look at issues such as the processing of asylum applications, border control, information campaigns, the accommodation and integration of accepted asylum seekers, and the (voluntary) return of rejected asylum seekers.
The third study looks at the influence of EU rules on the return of rejected asylum seekers and irregu-lar migrants. The study aims to identify practices of Member States in ensuring the effective return of individuals and to examine their relation to the EU migration acquis.
Finally, the fourth study looks at challenges faced by Member States after a final decision regarding the stay of unaccompanied minors. It aims to identify practices of integrating unaccompanied minors but also examines how Member States deal with minors whose asylum application has been rejected.
EMN Studies in 2016 focus on:
- approaches dealing with rejected asylum seekers
- resettlement, humanitarian admission programmes as well as private sponsorship
- the conditions, rights and effects of family reunification
- illegal employment of third country nationals.
In 2016, the EMN produced four studies. The first study examines approaches dealing with rejected asylum seekers. Therefore it provides an overview on national policy and de-velopments, possible obstacles to return, measures to ensure that rejected asylum seekers are being returned and it aims to identify good practices.
The second study provides a comprehensive overview of resettlement, humanitarian admission programmes and private sponsorship programmes. The study focuses on the key actors involved, their responsibilities, the structure and main characteristics of the different programmes as well as the implementation of national policies. Furthermore, the study describes both possible obstacles occurring at different stages of the process and measures taken to deal with such obstacles. By providing good practices and elaborating further developments the study aims to identify difficulties and success factors in order to contribute to the handling of possible future humanitarian emergencies.
The third study deals with the topic of family reunification. The study aims to depict the condi-tions under which family reunification is granted and to analyse the way minimum standards set by the European Union are interpreted and transposed. In addition, the study examines the effects on the integration process in the host societies and on the prevention of forced marriages. The focus lies on legally residing third country nationals as well as refugees and asylum seekers who were granted subsidiary protection.
The fourth study will outline national policy and legal framework to prevent and detect illegal employment by third country nationals, the respective sectors where irregular migrants are employed, sanctions imposed to employers and to immigrants. The study covers both the illegal employment of a third-country national who is illegally staying on the territory of a Member State, and of a legally residing third-country national working outside the conditions of their residence and/or without a work permit.
EMN Studies in 2015 focus on:
- determining labour shortages and the need for labour migration in Germany
- dissemination of information on voluntary return and how to reach irregular migrants not in contact with the authorities
- integration and support measures for beneficiaries of international/ humanitarian protection
- changes in immigration status and purpose of stay
In 2015, the EMN produced four studies. The first study maps out important aspects and basic assumptions in relation to the debate about current skilled labour shortages and the future demand for skilled labour in Germany. It also provides an overview of the most important parameters and calculation bases used to determine and further observe skilled labour shortages and skilled labour supply.
The second study aims to identify different approaches employed by the various actors in the field of voluntary return in reaching out to irregular migrants who are not in contact with the authorities. It will describe the role that different actors play in informing irregular migrants about (voluntary) return and which tools, content and format of information provision are used. Furthermore, it will provide estimates of the scale of irregular migrants and the number of assisted voluntary and forced returns.
The third study deals with the application of integration measures for beneficiaries of international protection in relation to labour market access and participation, identifying existing policies and good practices. Although the primary focus is on labour market access and participation, the Study indirectly also covers other integration measures which are closely linked to labour market access and participation, namely: language courses, orientation courses, education, vocational education and training, recognition of qualifications, guaranteed minimum resources, counselling and access to housing.
The forth study will include those migrants holding an ‘authorisation/right to stay’, who are not in an irregular situation and situations where the change of status takes place without the requirement for the individual to first return to their country of origin. All categories of third-country nationals whose stay is authorised (but not formalised with the granting of a residence permit) are covered (with a few limitations), i.e. international students allowed to stay and look for work, employed migrants changing to a self-employment/entrepreneur category, asylum seekers changing to labour immigrant status or family-related stays, etc.
EMN Studies in 2014 focus on:
- effectiveness of re-entry bans and readmission agreements
- detention and alternatives to detention
- unaccompanied minors
- admitting third-country nationals for business purposes
In 2014, the EMN produced four focus studies. In the first focussed study, the legal bases and the procedures for (re-)entry bans for third-country nationals are described, and the scope and structure of the group of persons with (re-)entry bans who are intercepted at federal German borders are presented. In addition, the existing readmission agreements are specified, and their scope and use is demonstrated.
The second focus study presentes the regulatory and institutional framework of detention and alternatives to detention. Furthermore, both organizational and procedural structures on national level and the level of the Federal Länder are described. Furthermore, conditions of persons in detention pending deportation in specialized immigration detention facilities and prisons are illustrated.
The third focus study explores the situation of unaccompanied minors in terms of social rights and residence permit as well as the management of accommodation, integration measures, as well as forced and voluntary return. Moreover, the transition to adulthood and the inherent consequences concerning resident permit are analyzed.
The forth focus study deals with the admission of third-country national investors and business owners, whereat the institutional framework for foreign (non-EU) investors and business owners is central to the analysis.